xarray.Dataset.temporal.climatology#

Dataset.temporal.climatology(data_var, freq, weighted=True, keep_weights=False, season_config={'custom_seasons': None, 'dec_mode': 'DJF', 'drop_incomplete_djf': False})#

Returns a Dataset with the climatology of a data variable.

Parameters
  • data_var (str) – The key of the data variable for calculating climatology.

  • freq (Frequency) – The time frequency to group by.

    • “season”: groups by season for the seasonal cycle climatology.

    • “month”: groups by month for the annual cycle climatology.

    • “day”: groups by (month, day) for the daily cycle climatology. Leap days (if present) are dropped if the CF calendar type is "gregorian", "proleptic_gregorian", or "standard"

  • weighted (bool, optional) – Calculate averages using weights, by default True.

    Weights are calculated by first determining the length of time for each coordinate point using the difference of its upper and lower bounds. The time lengths are grouped, then each time length is divided by the total sum of the time lengths to get the weight of each coordinate point.

    The weight of masked (missing) data is excluded when averages are taken. This is the same as giving them a weight of 0.

  • keep_weights (bool, optional) – If calculating averages using weights, keep the weights in the final dataset output, by default False.

  • season_config (SeasonConfigInput, optional) – A dictionary for “season” frequency configurations. If configs for predefined seasons are passed, configs for custom seasons are ignored and vice versa.

    Configs for predefined seasons:

    • “dec_mode” (Literal[“DJF”, “JFD”], by default “DJF”)

      The mode for the season that includes December.

      • “DJF”: season includes the previous year December.

      • “JFD”: season includes the same year December.

        Xarray labels the season with December as “DJF”, but it is actually “JFD”.

    • “drop_incomplete_djf” (bool, by default False)

      If the “dec_mode” is “DJF”, this flag drops (True) or keeps (False) time coordinates that fall under incomplete DJF seasons Incomplete DJF seasons include the start year Jan/Feb and the end year Dec.

    Configs for custom seasons:

    • “custom_seasons” ([List[List[str]]], by default None)

      List of sublists containing month strings, with each sublist representing a custom season.

      • Month strings must be in the three letter format (e.g., ‘Jan’)

      • Each month must be included once in a custom season

      • Order of the months in each custom season does not matter

      • Custom seasons can vary in length

      >>> # Example of custom seasons in a three month format:
      >>> custom_seasons = [
      >>>     ["Jan", "Feb", "Mar"],  # "JanFebMar"
      >>>     ["Apr", "May", "Jun"],  # "AprMayJun"
      >>>     ["Jul", "Aug", "Sep"],  # "JunJulAug"
      >>>     ["Oct", "Nov", "Dec"],  # "OctNovDec"
      >>> ]
      
Returns

xr.Dataset – Dataset with the climatology of a data variable.

Examples

Get a data variable’s seasonal climatology:

>>> ds_season = ds.temporal.climatology(
>>>     "ts",
>>>     "season",
>>>     season_config={
>>>         "dec_mode": "DJF",
>>>         "drop_incomplete_season": True
>>>     }
>>> )
>>> ds_season.ts
>>>
>>> ds_season = ds.temporal.climatology(
>>>     "ts",
>>>     "season",
>>>     season_config={"dec_mode": "JFD"}
>>> )
>>> ds_season.ts

Get a data variable’s seasonal climatology with custom seasons:

>>> custom_seasons = [
>>>     ["Jan", "Feb", "Mar"],  # "JanFebMar"
>>>     ["Apr", "May", "Jun"],  # "AprMayJun"
>>>     ["Jul", "Aug", "Sep"],  # "JunJulAug"
>>>     ["Oct", "Nov", "Dec"],  # "OctNovDec"
>>> ]
>>>
>>> ds_season_custom = ds.temporal.climatology(
>>>     "ts",
>>>     "season",
>>>     season_config={"custom_seasons": custom_seasons}
>>> )

Get climatology() operation attributes:

>>> ds_season_with_djf.ts.attrs
{
    'operation': 'temporal_avg',
    'mode': 'climatology',
    'freq': 'season',
    'weighted': 'True',
    'dec_mode': 'DJF',
    'drop_incomplete_djf': 'False'
}